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eISSN: 1734-4948
ISSN: 0860-6161
Advances in Rehabilitation
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Reviewers Abstracting and indexing Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2022
vol. 36
 
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abstract:
Review article

Effectiveness of neuromuscular exercises (NEMEX) in knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review with metaanalysis

Jyoti Sabharwal
1
,
Shabnam Joshi
1
,
Rekha Chaturvedi
1
,
Meenakshi Bagri
1
,
Vandana Rani
1

1.
Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar
Advances in Rehabilitation, 2022, 36(1), 33–40
Online publish date: 2021/12/07
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The main objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of Neuromuscular exercises (NEMEX) on pain and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Pubmed, Cochrane and Pedro and Google Scholar were accessed with eligibility criteria Randomized controlled trials, single blinded controlled trial and Controlled before and after study comparing and assessing the effectiveness of NEMEX in knee osteoarthritis, articles published in English language till 2020 with NEMEX either alone or in conjunction with other interventions (drugs, educational packages) in patients with Knee osteoarthritis. Outcome measures used for meta-analysis were visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) for function and the other measures Knee injury osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS), Knee Index and Knee Adduction Moment (KAM) and Hip Disability and osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS). The result of the metaanalysis for the included two studies showed statistically significant reduction in pain (VAS) in the NEMEX group as compared to the other group Z = 0.64, p = 0.03, I2 = 79% and no significant reduction in WOMAC scores Z = 0.70, P = 0.64.The study concludes that there was statistically significant improvement in pain (VAS) but no functional improvement (WOMAC) with the NEMEX whether used in isolation or in conjunction with other interventions was seen in the patients with knee OA. However, large numbers of studies are required to generalize the effectiveness of NEMEX in knee osteoarthritis. Implications of the study includes NEMEX can be used as a potential intervention in reducing pain, improving strength and function in knee osteoarthritis patients.
keywords:

osteoarthritis, visual analog scale, range of motion, knee joint, gonarthrosis











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